Ana sayfa Methods Outdoor macro photography – Comfort and safety

Outdoor macro photography – Comfort and safety

tarafından Güray Dere

If macro is the goal, there is nothing like being in the field. Getting away from the crowded and noisy environment of the city, dealing with live insects and flowers in a natural environment, observing and listening to nature… I don’t compare this with a comfortable corner of our home, or a tiny macro shooting studio on the table. We can always reach it and it is very valuable. But the best way to learn is to experiment. We want to see new places, new species, try new methods. Obviously we can’t do that on the balcony.

Most of us, including me, live in the city. Finding green space is getting harder day by day. It takes effort to reach a suitable environment for photography. Either we don’t have time or we are too lazy.

But outside is full of surprises. Every macro trip has a story, an excitement, a disappointment. We want to experience these things anyway. Of course, we would like to have more fun with this chance and time that we get so hard. So it might be possible to shift the balance from disappointment to a little more excitement.

Yeşil alana bir de küçük gölet eklenince makro için çok uygun bir ortam oluşuyor.
When a small pond is added to the natural green space, the diversity explodes, creating a very suitable environment for macro.

In this article, I would like to draw some attention to the comfort and safety aspects of shooting in the open field, based on my own experiences. My aim is not to list all the necessities, but to point out the things that make the job easier and more comfortable. I am sure many more things can be added here over time or if we think about it. Likewise, you may say “How unnecessary and ridiculous” to some of them, maybe they are.

By the way, you will see that I always use the subject “we” in my narrative. Most of the time I shoot in the open field with my cousin. That we means the two of us. I will bring that up later.

Comfort in macro photography

If we feel better at the end of the day, it means we have achieved our goal. Even if we are empty-handed and sweaty, we can look back on the day as a good hike and say that it was a productive one. In order to feel even more comfortable and better, it is useful to think about some things in advance that will help us and our work.

Hunger and thirst

The early morning hours are the best time for macro. We raid nature while it’s asleep and work on them and fill our memory cards before they can move a muscle. Then the sun slowly rises and it’s a joy to watch them all wake up and get into the daily rush.

Sabah gün doğumu. Makro çekim için altın saatler
Morning sunrise. Golden hour for macro work

To experience this, you have to be on the road before sunrise. We think breakfast is a waste of time and 10 minutes after we open our eyes, we face the cool air. When we reach the shooting area and get to work with excitement, the hours pass quickly and the sounds coming out of our stomachs start to suppress the bird calls. The sun has risen and started to burn. Our coats, which were good in the morning, became a burden with bags and tripods. Hunger combined with lack of sleep has already started a mild headache. When we realize that we forgot the water in the car, we are 2-3 km down into a deep valley. After climbing back up that road with that load and reaching the water, the only thing that can relieve the headache is a strong painkiller. Luckily there is one in the bag 🙂 We are cautious. We immediately take out the medicine, with a note on it: Take it after food!

We did it! (we don’t do it anymore) First we crawled to a toast/tea place. We took a pill each… Don’t do it. Have that toast and a juice with you in advance.

Weather forecast

Unfortunately, we are very weather dependent. Planning days in advance leaves it completely to chance. Not only precipitation, even small breezes bother us a lot. For this reason, it is useful to follow the weather forecast even if it is not always accurate. Install a meteorology app on your cell phone. Get information about the wind situation the day before. If the wind is strong, do not go out without flash or cancel the trip.

With the mobile phone, we have the opportunity to follow the precipitation live from the radar and watch it in the form of animation. In other words, if the weather changes during the shooting, if there is a suspicion of rain, it is possible to follow the application and see if there is precipitation, and if so, if it is approaching or moving away. At the time I recorded the screenshot, there seems to be a heavy rainfall outside.

Yazıyı yazdığım sırada İstanbul'da yağış durumu
Rainfall in Istanbul as I write this article

Last summer, when I was shooting macro in Bahçeköy Atatürk Arboretum, I checked from here when it started to cloud up and saw a heavy downpour coming towards us. We immediately gathered our equipment and tried to reach the cars with quick steps. About 15 minutes later, as we were getting into the car, the rain poured down. If I hadn’t checked, we would have had difficulty protecting our cameras and lenses.

Comfortable equipment

Comfort is largely based on equipment. If we have robust, lightweight, mission-appropriate equipment, we work faster and get less tired.

Kuzenim Kerem tam teçhizat çekimde
My cousin Kerem is in full gear


Lowepro Vertex serisinden bir örnek

A good backpack can make things much easier in the field. For a while I split up my gear and carried it in several small bags, but I realized that a single backpack is much more comfortable and tidy. You don’t have to take the bag off and throw it away while working. It can stay on your back throughout the shoot. So there are no “where did I hang the small bag”, “I need a memory card or a lens, I have to go back and forth to the bag”. Also, having the bag on your back is great in cold weather.

Bags with interchangeable compartments and lots of small slots work well. There are bags with a waist connection belt. Using one of these, while standing, you can turn the bag in front of you without removing the belt, open it like a table while it is tied around your waist, take equipment, and change lenses on it. These are very good. It is a great convenience to do the preparation work standing up on wet, muddy ground.

The bags usually have net-shaped pockets on the sides. They are ideal for mini tripods. We use 2 of them as a holder during natural light shoots. They can be easily carried on both sides of the bag.

Finally, many bags have an integrated rain cover. We open a zipper, inside there’s a rain cover attached to it. We pull it out and turn it inside-out and wrap the whole bag and make it waterproof. It’s a very important feature.

The bag in the photo is quite expensive. I use a cheap one, but there are points I wish I had.

Spare battery

Don’t say you can’t go shooting without a spare battery. It’s not because we don’t know, it’s because we don’t check. We have been on a photo trip without taking the body! It is much easier to forget the batteries. We think the batteries are full, they come out empty, we think we have a spare, they don’t come out of the bag. Spare batteries are something to be sure of. Double check.

Spare memory card

Hızlı hafıza kartları
Hızlı hafıza kartları

Actually, for this reason, I didn’t have any unfinished shoots in the middle of work. But there were shots that I never started! Because I didn’t take any card with me, it was inserted in the computer at home. Realizing this at a distance of 25 kilometers is like a cold shower.

As I said a couple of times, it was not unfinished, but I deleted photos that I had not yet backed up. Focus stacking fills the card very, very fast. Shooting 1000 exposures in a macro session is not surprising. And usually not less than 500. If you don’t want to delete old photos or end the day early, keep a spare memory card in the bag. Maybe, like me, the card slot in the body will be empty and you can continue with the spare one.

One more point about cards. High writing speed cards are rarely needed and can make a difference. I don’t use burst shooting in macro, but I have encountered interruptions and delays due to slow cards, especially in video shooting. If the bug wakes up and moves during focus stacking, I switch to video shooting. Then the card speed becomes important.

Only the lenses you need

My macro lens is so comfortable, I can’t live without it. But I can’t give up the Componon-80mm either… What if I need a little higher magnification? I’ll take the Componon-S 50… The terrain is beautiful now, I’ll shoot wide landscapes with the Samyang 14mm… We’ll see birds too. I’ll take the 500mm mirror lens. Or wait, that’s not good in the dark, the 300mm is better, it has a wider aperture. Or should I take both… Actually, I need a zoom lens, I use it for autofocus and whatever, all other lenses are manual… As a rule I should never take that standard 50mm out of the bag. It’s essential for portraits… So what will happen if we see a mushroom or something, we will need ring bokehs in the background, will it take a lot of space if I also take the Diaplan?

Don’t overdo the lens selection

I’m sure there is a name for this in psychology.

But in orthopedics it’s called “back pain.”

If we talk about comfort in shooting, the biggest comfort is lightness. Also, when a bird comes out, remove the macro, mount the tele, turn to the bird, and it’s gone. But hey what’s that, a dragonfly has landed! Immediately put the macro on, and voila, it flew away. But I think our bird is on the next tree there. Oh, and the light is so beautiful, let’s mount the tele… That’s how this madness goes. Exactly. Fatigue, sloppy photos and back pain… That’s all that’s left.

So it’s best to go out with simple equipment for whatever purpose. And if a bird comes, we’ll chase it.

Should the 50mm still stay in the bag?!


Berlebach mini, Manfrotto 410, Manfrotto 357 and Newport

Handheld shooting doesn’t need a tripod. But the external flash, which is a necessity for handheld shooting, has exhausted me so much that I don’t even take it with me anymore. Battery problems, triggering problems, synchronization, reflection, now I have almost zero flash work. I can’t put the flash side by side with the word comfort. Also, I can’t give up natural/continuous light.

Update: What I said above has changed a bit over time. The main cause of my problems with the flash was the wireless trigger. I now use a wired connection when I need a flash.

The tripod is a heavy product. This is the most tiring equipment to carry. I took a step in this regard and got the tripod I dreamed of months later. The wooden Berlebach Mini. Small, light and sturdy. It can be very close to the ground. But its main ambitious feature is that it instantly eliminates vibrations thanks to its wooden structure. And it looks very nice, by the way. I will write an article introducing this tripod.

Tripod head

Whether it’s the studio or the open field, the tripod head is vital. I would call it more important than the tripod itself. I’ve written before, we move left, right, up and down until we set the frame. Doing this with ball-head type heads is equivalent to being stubborn. When I adjust and tighten it, it sags again when I let go.

Geared-head heads provide precise movement in 3 axes, which brings a great increase in comfort and working speed. An indispensable product that I will buy a new one immediately if something happens to it.

Mini tripods and holders

When we use natural light, we often have to take a long exposure. If there is a polarizing filter, the time is even longer. Exposures like 0.5 sec – 1 sec are extremely sensitive in terms of vibration. The slightest breeze, even vibrations that we cannot see with our eyes, have a devastating effect on sharpness. Our biggest help here are mini tripods and holders. You can find an article I wrote on this subject here.

Sabitlenmiş bir obje hafif rüzgardan etkilenmiyor
A stabilized object is not affected by light wind

With the mini tripod and holders, we stabilize the piece of plant on which our insect stands. This way it doesn’t sway in light breezes and we can work on it. We can even photograph insects on a hard branch (unless they have big wings like butterflies) in strong winds. Mini tripods and holders are like a cure for wind frustration and are indispensable for me when shooting outdoors.


Adjusting magnification and framing is a pain, especially when using a reverse lens. The most effective solution for this is bellows. But the bellows is not very suitable for the field because of its soft and delicate structure and portability problems. Using a tube instead of a bellows is a solution, but this requires constant disassembly and reassembly of the tube parts to change the magnification, which is never possible. To be comfortable outdoors, you need something solid, one-piece and well-functioning.

Olympus 65-116 in the shortest and longest positions. In the long position the lens is attached.

Fortunately, there is a solution: Helicoid. These are tubes that change in length as you rotate them, just as a zoom lens lengthens and shortens. One product in particular is the favorite of all macro enthusiasts. The Olmypus 65-116, as the name suggests, has a tube length ranging from 65mm to 116mm. The inside is covered with quality light absorbing material. Solid as a rock. There is one more plus. Thanks to the tripod connection ring on it, it allows the body to be rotated while connected to the tripod. So we can easily create aesthetic frames for horizontal or vertical shots and angles in between. A perfect tool for all kinds of macro shooting.

Although it is an old product, the price is a bit high because of these beautiful features. Also, since it has Olympus OM mount, we attach it to other bodies with the help of an adapter. I had a hard time finding a solution for Pentax. It is easier to attach it to bodies like Canon, Nikon and Sony mirrorless.

Garden scissors

Bahçe makası

The holders are great, we fix the branches and shoot. But do we have to set up the whole system all over again next to the bug every time? It’s a lot of work. What if the insect is standing on a high bush? The tripod can’t reach it!

In these cases, we carefully cut the grass/branch a little below the place where the insect is standing, carefully carry it with the grass, and carefully attach it to our pre-installed holder. I think you can understand why I use the word “carefully” so much. Half of these attempts result in the insect flying away or falling off the branch.

The most delicate stage of transportation is the cutting stage. We hold the branch somewhere between the point to be cut and the insect so that the vibrations reach the insect less when cutting. And here the quality of the scissors we use speaks for itself. We don’t feel this difference when cutting soft grasses, but if we cut a hard branch suddenly, the insect on it will be thrown away like a spring. If we use a strong pair of scissors and slowly crush it, we can calmly remove it without shaking. I use a pair of garden scissors made for this purpose, and Kerem uses one you see in the “full gear” picture above. We are not making a horror movie, don’t tire yourself with huge shears, easy-to-carry scissors that don’t take up space in the bag are enough.

By the way, environmentalists may ask, “Why are you cutting the grass and branches?” We are not uprooting a rare species, we are cutting the tips of at most 15-20 of the millions of grasses in the field all day long. I wrote this because I was hesitating myself for a while… You should see our gardener 🙂

Knee pad


Speaking of gardeners, I saw a product somewhere last year, a gardener’s knee pad. It is a product that grips the knee together with the leg, is easily attached and removed thanks to its velcro, and has a soft sponge inside.

Since I always shoot on my right knee, I come back in the evening with sore and mud/grass stained knees and ruined pants. It’s a bit more difficult in rocky, thorny places. I also manage to get wet every time.

I bought this product for both knees. Until recently, I thought it looked funny and didn’t take it out of the photo bag and didn’t use it. But the first day I used it, I couldn’t believe the comfort it brought. I mean, if I could, I would perform a Caucasian dance there and jump on my knees. It turns out that I suffered a lot from working on my knees.

I recommend these if you want to look weird and be comfortable. They can be found at very reasonable prices in places that sell work safety materials.


This is more of a summer thing. For people like me, who work at a desk, under air conditioning and get out in the sun once every forty years, it can be important. We get shocked very quickly. Just a reminder.

Likewise, those who are sensitive can have sunscreen. I am writing this because last summer, while I was on a shoot, I got the burns I had last time I was in the army in one day. I wished I had sunscreen.


Fenix E12 led flashlight

Flashlights are fun, I have always loved them. As a child, I grew up in a village where the electricity was frequently cut off, so the flashlight was always at hand like a savior. I still want to have it nearby, I want to know where it is.

It’s not always possible to go shooting at sunrise. It’s easier to opt for the evening hours. I can start a couple of hours before sunset and continue until the light fades. As in the early hours, there is a nice light hitting from the side and a calm, windless, cool weather.

The flashlight is useful in two ways. It can be used as a supplementary light behind a diffuser when there is insufficient light. It is also useful in the rapidly darkening weather after sunset. I couldn’t find the Raynox cover I dropped while packing the bags in the weeds because I didn’t have a flashlight with me. And maybe we can stay in the dark and take some star photos… Or we can point it at the eyes of cats from a distance, make them shine and have fun 🙂

When it comes to flashlights, one brand stands out. Fenix flashlights, which are very different from cheap and bad Chinese led flashlights, deserve some praise and promotion. The E12 model I use is almost the size of a finger. It runs on a single AA battery and can give light in three different powers: 8, 50 and 130 lumens. Especially in the field, it is very surprising that it gives the feeling of carrying a big flashlight with 130 lumens at full power and illuminates far away. Its waterproof body made of aircraft aluminum is designed like a stylish accessory. There are many models, including very powerful ones. The price of the model I have is between $26 – $30. Not cheap, yes.


Let’s talk about disturbing factors

Human beings

I had the most difficulties during the shoot because of the people. Curious eyes are not a problem. If anyone sees the setup and asks, “Brother, what kind of a camera is that, what are you shooting with it?” I’m happy to tell them. And I do. The problem is with those who perceive this as a threat.

The human barrier comes first.

“What are you doing here?”

“Do you have permission?”

“It’s forbidden to film here”

“Where will you use the photos?”

I’m talking about being prepared for this kind of approach. When even the security guard of the site where I live came to my own garden and questioned whether I was causing any disturbance, I started with “I guess you’re new”. Because everyone around knows the situation. Of course, I didn’t rebuff him and told him later.

We are shooting in one of Istanbul’s peaceful and quiet groves. By the way, we waved hello to the security when we entered. So he saw the bags, tripods and so on. Anyway, right at the most exciting part of the work, 2 security guards ended up in front of us. The dialog that started with “Do you have permission?” was completed with the termination of the shooting session. They started talking us about “suspicious people” over the radio. We were escorted to the manager in charge with our bags and tripods on our backs, running like horses for a few kilometers up and down hills. The men had turned into gazelles from running around in the forest all day long. Did they try to prove this to us or what? We were really sweating blood.

The managing director was obviously a new graduate, a young woman. She said, “Why are you filming?” We said, “We enjoy it.” She said, “OK, have fun.”

The fun was already over there. We didn’t continue. The men skipped away in the peace of doing their duty and disappeared into the trees. We jumped in the car and came home.

If it is state land, there is a problem from the beginning. Even a small park becomes “Top Secret”. We can’t explain them, “This camera can’t shoot anything beyond 10cm.” Am I going to give a reverse lens optics lecture there? While Google maps give satellite images to everyone, our flower and insect photos can be a federal issue. Where you use the photo is very important. It doesn’t matter if the same insect exists in your garden. The insect there is very special.

Şüpheli şahsı görebildiniz mi?! Göremediyseniz tıklayıp biraz büyütün
Can you see the suspicious person?! If not, click and enlarge a little

Another day, again in a field outside the city, this time the police came, two elderly men. We told them about this and that. They said, “Someone in the neighborhood got nervous, reported it, we came to check it out.” They basically called the police on us. Then the cops said “Good luck” and left. When you think about it, we arrive at sunrise as two men in full military gear. Bags are opened. Unidentified objects are taken out and set up, is it a radio or a satellite connection? Then something is set up on the ground again. We bend down and aim. Are we snipers or bombers or what?

I mean, it’s normal for security to come and ask questions. You just have to be prepared for it, that’s what I’m saying.

So let’s look at ourselves as threatened rather than threatening.

Makro çekim için ıssız arazilere tek başına gidilmemeli.
You shouldn’t go into the wilderness alone to shoot macro.

First of all, as a general rule, you should not be alone in wilderness. We should go with at least one other person for both safety and more fun. I recommend the movie “127 Hours” for those who have not seen it yet.

Even if there are two of us, it’s not very safe to shoot in deserted places at deserted hours. For example, that’s why we decided to change one of our favorite shooting locations. A couple of times we came across drunks passed out. We saw a lot of beer bottles and stuff, and then we heard that they were going there for drug use. There were some empty buildings in the neighborhood. We don’t go there anymore. Similarly, we don’t go into deserted, dense forest areas. It can be used by hunters for target practice. After beer bottles, the most common thing I see everywhere are empty cartridges.

Forget all that I’ve written about the human factor, how many of us don’t go out and shoot macro just because of the curious glances of the neighbors? The human thing manages to screw everything up.


It’s strange to suddenly switch from human to dog, but I think the dog comes next after the human in my perception of threat in open terrain. Actually, I have no fear of dogs. I’ve come close many times but I’ve never been bitten. I can understand their body language and behavior a little bit. Still, it is said that there is a fine line between courage and stupidity.

Dogs are in their own space, and when the desolation sets in, they are in a different state of mind. Stray dogs that roam around crowds of people during the day, lie down and sleep in a corner, can create havoc at night. Since we prefer such quiet places and times for macro shooting, we encountered dogs every time without exception.

A very suitable place for shooting is famous for dog packs. I had experienced a few attacks when I was riding my bicycle through the area. Again, one day when we were shooting in the field in the early morning, about 20 dogs were watching us in the field about 500 meters away. They kept calm for a long time and we just kept on with our work. Then all of a sudden all of them started barking and running in our direction. We looked and saw that there were more coming from the opposite direction. The two packs met and formed the largest group of dogs I have ever seen. There were about 50 of them. Other dogs appeared and passed around us, past us and quietly slipped away. I guess the big pack was a threat to them. The dogs never messed with us that day, but the idea of facing 50 dogs stayed with me for a while.

Manzara aynen buydu. Fotoğraf Ali Mankır
The view was exactly like this. Photo: Ali Mankir

Another place we recently discovered and visited for the first time. Actually, we were shooting in the same place as in the photo above, again in a field. A big shepherd dog came out close to where we left the car. This time he was directly interested in us and started barking with all his might. We thought that he would shut up soon and leave us alone, but he prolonged it to the point of annoyance. Not only that, he was going to attract all the dogs in the neighborhood. We couldn’t take it anymore, we packed up and started walking towards the car, towards the dog. At first he went crazy, but as we got closer, he started to move a little further away and barked as we walked confidently and calmly towards him. When we reached the car, he shut up and sat down about 50 meters away. In the animal kingdom, size is very useful. The cousin is quite tall. Then we walked around a bit but couldn’t take any more photos. The dog continued to watch quietly from a distance until we left.

I’m looking into dog-repellent whistles. I have no idea. They are obviously very sensitive to odor. Of course I don’t want to spray them in the face, but it is necessary to create a solution for emergencies.

Update: Some time ago a close friend of mine was attacked by a bear during a mountain hike. He escaped death thanks to the bear’s quick retreat. He shared this story on his website. You can access this article, originally in Turkish, with Google Translate link.


The degree of discomfort varies depending on the season and location. I remember being unable to take photos twice, both times in late summer this year. They gathered over me like a cloud and riddled my back with holes while I was bending down to take photos. My face looked like I had been beaten. My cousin and I looked at each other and made fun of ourselves. In one of them, they almost didn’t let me shoot at all. When there are hundreds of bites, the itching is so bad that you can’t think of anything except running away.

Since we crouch and stand still while doing focus stacks, they come on the back and ankles a lot. In one of those days when we ran away, a cousin photographed his ankle. If he sends that photo, I will add it here as an example.

On another mosquito day, this time I was armed with repellent lotion, and even though I was surrounded by the same clouds, they barely bit me. It works. Especially recommended for allergic people.

There is also the disease side of things. We don’t hear much about malaria, but I read that it is increasing rapidly with global warming. Then there are midge flies. They transmit strange diseases. Those who live in hot regions know them better. I had to stay in the hospital for days after a Cyprus vacation because of midge fever.


That’s what’s really annoying. I hate ticks. Even though I’m an insect lover, this is probably my least favorite creature.

One November when we were photographing birds in the Belgrad forests of Istanbul, I didn’t take any precautions, thinking that the tick season was over. When it started to rain, we waited under the trees for a while. I even crouched down to rest. It was a beautiful day and we returned home satisfied. Then at night, when I was taking a shower, I was surprised. There was a tick on my leg. I wasn’t worried because I guessed that Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever disease is not common in Istanbul, but I still didn’t remove it myself and went to the emergency service. They simply removed it with tweezers and disinfected the area. Then they gave me an appointment for a blood test. The next day, the tests were done and they asked me to come back in 10 days if I had any flu symptoms. That was the end of the matter, but it is not nice to be in such a rush.

You need to be very careful where CCHF is present. This is no joke.

There are other diseases transmitted by insect bites (mosquitoes, spiders, houseflies, horseflies, ticks, lice and fleas): Lyme disease. Have you heard of it? It is estimated that 10 million people in Turkey have this bacteria? More than 14 per cent of people worldwide have contracted tick-borne Lyme disease, according to blood analyses. Isn’t it amazing? It has an interesting pattern of being mistaken for 350 different diseases. When we say we have a headache or we are tired, we may actually have Lyme disease. It has much more serious consequences. Anyway, let’s not digress, let’s take precautions.

The easiest measure against ticks and other insects is to put your pants cuffs inside your socks. It will look awful, but nothing can get in. That’s what we do. After packing up the equipment, you need a good shake up. And finally, when we get home, it’s a good idea to take a shower and check our bodies.

Doğal ortamda makro çekim
Now I was going to put a photo of a tick here but it doesn’t look nice…Instead a scene from the shoot

Other venomous creatures

Snakes and scorpions are more of a regional issue and are not encountered often. I come across snakes sometimes, they usually run away quickly. We usually walk very quietly and slowly in order to see the insects in the field and not to scare them. In this way, creatures that would normally be alarmed and run away can wait until the last moment. A snipe and a hare jumped out of the grass and waited until I almost stepped on them. If I hadn’t seen the mother rabbit, I would have stepped on her babies. We need to watch our step a little.

Bee stings are another common problem. It is very easy to accidentally hit a small wasp nest. I see them everywhere. I would say that those who are allergic should not go macro shooting in the field without taking medication with them. The rest of us will jump up and down a bit and continue shooting.

Final words

After all these words, I don’t want it to seem like this job requires a lot of preparation. You can take very enjoyable field shots without paying attention to any of the things I have mentioned so far. When I first started macro, I enjoyed it for a year with nothing but my macro lens, handheld shooting and using flash. It could have continued in the same way. As I said in the title of the article, this time I touched on a little luxury.

I think the greatest comfort in shooting macro outdoors is the ability to shoot in your own garden. Being able to start shooting in just 2 minutes and having a warm coffee. My door is open for anyone who wishes, I am waiting.

Bahçede çekim ardından tatlı yorgunluk
Sweet fatigue after shooting in the garden

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